Bulgaria

Please contact our partner office for more information about our services in Bulgaria:

Turcu, Tadjer & Turcu OOD
40 Khan Krum St., 1st floor, 2nd apartment
Sofia 1142, Bulgaria
T +3.592.9808670
Contact: Mr Gabriel Turcu & Ms Aneta Tadjer
bulgaria@react.org  
officesofia@turcu.ro 


Bulgaria became a member of the EU in 2007 and the European legislation on IP rights protection and enforcement is now applied either directly or through fully harmonized legislative provisions. The React partner office TURCU & TURCU was established in 2007, offering IP protection and enforcement services, at fixed fees, as per the agreed joint venture with React. Bulgaria has a strategic and unique geographical position, at the Eastern border of the EU, being an important country in the route of goods coming both from China and Middle East by sea, and from Turkey by land – either as a final destination or as a transit point to other EU countries. Therefore REACT regularly updates the Bulgarian authorities on the latest anti-counterfeiting strategies and identification elements. We do this regularly through training seminars organized in the most important Customs locations throughout the country. Due to its expertise and experience in the field of IP The React partner office was able to support the Bulgarian authorities in the creation of an effective law-enforcement system in their fight against counterfeits.  Both Customs and Police are now very active and efficient, acting both on the basis of a previous notice and ex officio against suspect products.

Our services in Bulgaria

  • Amicable settlements and/or negotiation settlement following Customs actions
  • Appearing in court hearings in criminal proceedings as witnesses or experts
  • Attending personal hearing
  • Desk research
  • Drafting and filing of administrative complaints
  • Drafting and filing of criminal complaints
  • Drafting and filing of expert reports, affidavits and written witness statements
  • Filing a demand for a raid
  • Filing Customs applications
  • Filing surveillance letter
  • Follow up Customs/Police cases (C&D letters, negotiations, settlement drafting)
  • Handling court proceedings (appeals and civil claims)
  • Informing Customs officers on brand details
  • Organize and assist the police and relevant authorities in market raids
  • Organize inspections and investigations of markets, shops and events
  • Organize test purchases
  • Organizing the transportation, storage, destruction and, wherever possible, the recycling of counterfeit products
  • Organizing training sessions and information meetings for Police, Customs and/or Trade Inspection authorities
  • Preparing and submitting civil actions (including C&D letters)
  • Simplified procedure

Country Procedures

  • Customs application available, not mandatory
  • Customs application is valid for one year
  • Simplified procedure
  • Customs will act ex officio: under Regulation 608/2013 it is possible to detain goods without filed Application for Action. In such cases is provided 4 working days term such Application to be filed
  • Further, Customs could detain goods under Law on Customs initiating administrative proceedings. In such cases TM Owners are notified yet there is no common practice of the customs points on the terms provided for response (some request response in 7 calendar days)
  • Deadline for response to Customs Notifications of seizure is 10 working days (extendable once) and 3 working days for perishable goods
  • If no Application is filled – then it has to be filled in term of 4 working days upon the notification
  • Deadline for importer to respond to customs authorities is 10 working days upon the receipt of the notification
  • Remedies available under criminal law: art. 172b of Criminal Code provides imprisonment (up to 5 years) fine (up to 5 000 Leva), if the act is repeated (or significant damages are caused) then the remedies are imprisonment (from 5 to 8 years) and fine (from 5000 to 8000 Leva)
  • Also availabke: forfeiting and destructions of goods
  • Malicious intent is required under Art. 172b Penal Code
  • Ex parte orders, Interim injunctions, damages and costs are available. Damages must be substantiated or can be determined on the basis of fairness; retail prices of original goods
  • Contributory liability remedy available in line to the provisions of E-Commerce Directive